“This only I want to learn from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?”
We established yesterday that anyone who lives under the law is under a curse. So, why then was the law given? The law was given to reveal the need for salvation.
Isaiah 28:12-13 can help us with the answer: “To whom he said, “This is the resting place, let the weary rest”; and, “This is the place of repose”— but they would not listen. So then, the word of the Lord to them will become: Do this, do that, a rule for this, a rule for that; a little here, a little there—so that as they go they will fall backward; they will be injured and snared and captured.” This text refers to the Israelites, they had been given ‘rest’-the opportunity to attain righteousness by faith like their Father Abraham, but they fought against it, and as such were given laws, so that they could see that their fallen state and realize the need for Grace.
In Gal 3:19, the bible says: “What, then, was the purpose of the law? It was added because of transgressions until the Seed to whom the promise referred had come…”
The phrase “because of’ is translated better to mean ‘for the sake of’ the transgressions.” It was added to make men more fully conscious of their sins and long for the promised Saviour (Rom 7:7-9).
This accords with Gal_3:23, Gal_3:24; Rom_4:15. The meaning can hardly be “to check transgressions,” for the law stimulates the corrupt heart to disobey it (Rom_5:20; Rom_7:13).
The Israelites time and time again showed their unbelief in the Covenant of promise. They did not believe God like their father Abraham did, so the law was given to make them realize that they needed a saviour.
DO THIS: Take out time to study Galatians Chapter 3, referencing portions of scripture mentioned there.